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  • whestathree 4:46 am on September 18, 2010 Permalink | Reply  


    The flounder is an ocean-dwelling flatfish species that is found in coastal lagoons and estuaries of the Northern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

    Source: (1)

  • whestathree 4:40 am on September 18, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Miyama-kuwagata (Stag Beetle) 

    Miyama-kuwagata is undoubtedly one of the most popular stag beetles among children along with Nokogiri-kuwagata. Compared with Nokogiri-kuwagata, this kind is more often found in rather mountainous areas. You might find many of them if you look around the lamplights in mountainous areas. Females seem to have more tendency to fly over to lights. In plain lands, they seem to prefer natural forests. They are seldom found in forests where Nokogiri-kuwagata prevails.

    Source: (1)

  • whestathree 4:30 am on September 18, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Hercules Beetle 

    The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is the most famous and largest of the rhinoceros beetles. It is native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles (Clemson University). Their title is well deserved, with some (exceptionally rare) males reaching 6.75 inches (170 mm) in length. It is the largest of the 6 species in the Dynastes genus, and one of the largest beetles known, being exceeded in length by only two other beetles in the family Cerambycidae, Macrodontia cervicornis (specimens of 170-175 mm are known) and Titanus giganteus (also up to 170-175mm; several 180+ mm specimens are reputed/alleged to exist). However, if the horns are excluded, this species drops considerably farther down in the size rankings. One reason for this is that the development of the horns is allometric, as well as sexually dimorphic, and thus not strictly correlated to actual body size; it is possible for a female to be much longer, measured from eyes to abdomen, than a male, yet be considered “smaller” simply due to the absence of horns.

    This scarab beetle is most noted for its thoracic and cephalic horns, which can grow longer than the body of the beetle itself. This adaptation is primarily used during fights with other males. Features of this species are the numerous small black spots on the elytra and the thick hairs on the underside of the thoracic horn.

    The Hercules beetle is said to be the strongest creature on earth for its size, able to carry 850 times its own body weight.

    Source: Hercules Beetle

  • whestathree 12:20 am on September 18, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Atlas Beetle 

    The Atlas beetle, Chalcosoma atlas, is a species of beetle found in southern Asia, remarkable for its size (25–130 mm), although one third of this length is taken up by the longhorns that are used for fighting other males during mating. As common in many insect species, the male is larger than the female and usually two males will fight for a female for mating.

    Like the stag beetles the female is quite insignificant in appearance to the male, has no horns and is also much smaller.

    The male Atlas beetle is a valuable insect to the collector either alive or dead, and a perfect large specimen can be quite expensive and look very impressive in a frame.

    For its size the Atlas beetle is one of the strongest animals on Earth, and can carry almost 4 kg, in comparison that’s the equivalent as a human carrying two adult Elephants with a Zebra thrown in for good measure.If they could grow to the size of a Donkey and still regain there strength for there size they wouldn’t even notice you if you sat on there back.

    Source: http:Atlas Beetle (1), Atlas Beetle (2)

  • whestathree 12:02 am on September 18, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Tokens (Coin) 

    In the study of numismatics, tokens are coin-like objects used instead of coins. The field of tokens is part of exonumia. Tokens are used in place of coins and either have a denomination shown or implied by size, color or shape. “Tokens” are often made of cheaper metals: copper, pewter, aluminium, brass and tin were commonly used, while bakelite, leather, porcelain, and other less durable materials are also known.
    The key point of difference between a token and a coin is that a coin is issued by a governmental local or national authority and is freely exchangeable for goods or other coins, whereas a token has a much more limited use and is often (but not always) issued by a private company, group, association or individual.

    Source: Token Coin

  • whestathree 3:37 pm on September 14, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Precipitation (chemistry) 

    Precipitation is the formation of a solid in a solution or inside another solid during a chemical reaction or by diffusion in a solid. When the reaction occurs in a liquid, the solid formed is called the precipitate, or when compacted by a centrifuge, a pellet. The liquid remaining above the solid is in either case called the supernate or supernatant. Powders derived from precipitation have also historically been known as flowers.

    Natural methods of precipitation include settling or sedimentation, where a solid forms over a period of time due to ambient forces like gravity or centrifugation. During chemical reactions, precipitation may also occur particularly if an insoluble substance is introduced into a solution and the density happens to be greater (otherwise the precipitate would float or form a suspension). With soluble substances, precipitation is accelerated once the solution becomes supersaturated.

    In solids, precipitation occurs if the concentration of one solid is above the solubility limit in the host solid, due to e.g. rapid quenching or ion implantation, and the temperature is high enough that diffusion can lead to segregation into precipitates. Precipitation in solids is routinely used to synthesize nanoclusters.

    An important stage of the precipitation process is the onset of nucleation. The creation of a hypothetical solid particle includes the formation of an interface, which requires some energy based on the relative surface energy of the solid and the solution. If this energy is not available, and no suitable nucleation surface is available, supersaturation occurs.

    Source: Precipitation

  • whestathree 12:59 pm on September 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply  

    Nimbostratus cloud 

    A Nimbostratus cloud is characterized by a formless cloud layer that is almost uniformly dark gray. “Nimbo” is from the Latin word “nimbus”, meaning rain. It is a low to middle-level (family C2) stratiform cloud that produces rain, developing cloud bases between the surface and 10000 ft (3000 m). This cloud typically forms from altostratus in the middle altitude range then subsides into the low altitude range during precipitation. Nimbostratus usually has a thickness of 2000 meters. In rare cases, Nimbostratus can be very thin and accompanied by a separate layer of altostratus divided by a cloudless layer. Though found worldwide, nimbostratus is found more commonly in the middle latitudes.

    The base of a nimbostratus base cloud is dimmed by precipitation and is usually not clearly visible. In all cases, nimbostratus is accompanied by pannus clouds, which develop underneath of nimbostratus. If the pannus layer is completely opaque, the presence of precipitation indicates presence of nimbostratus. The pannus movement is slow and uniform under nimbostratus.

    Usually, nimbostratus is a sign of steady moderate to heavy precipitation, as opposed to the shorter period of typically heavier precipitation released by a cumulonimbus cloud. However, precipitation does not occur at ground level in case of virga and accompanies other cloud types. Precipitation may last for several days, depending on the speed of the occluded front it accompanies.

    Source: Nimbostratus Cloud

  • whestathree 10:57 am on September 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply  


    Dysbarism refers to medical conditions resulting from changes in ambient pressure. Various activities are associated with pressure changes. Scuba diving is the most frequently cited example, but pressure changes also affect people who work in other pressurized environments (for example, caisson workers), and people who move between different altitudes.

    Effects of pressure on the body
    1) Direct effects on tissues
    This is not of practical importance, because the body is mostly composed of barely-compressible materials such as water.
    2) Air spaces
    Air is very compressible. Humans have many air spaces: sinuses, middle ears, gas in our bowels, cavities in our teeth, and largest of all, our lungs. On land in our daily lives, the pressure in our air spaces is usually exactly the same as the pressure outside, because our air spaces are connected to the outside world. If there was a pressure difference between the outside world and one of our air spaces, then we experience painful pressure on the walls of that air space, as air pushes from the higher-pressure side to the lower-pressure side. This is why we sometimes get painful ears on air trips.
    3) Dissolved gas
    A percentage of the gas we breathe (air) is always dissolved in our blood, like the gas dissolved in a soda bottle with the lid on. If we move to a higher ambient pressure, then the gas we breathe is at a higher pressure, and more of it dissolves in our blood and body tissues. If we move back to a lower pressure, and we move slowly, then the extra gas comes out slowly until we are back to our normal amount of dissolved gas. But if we move quickly to a lower ambient pressure, then the gas comes out of our blood and tissues violently, in large bubbles, like to the difference between slowly opening a bottle of soda (dropping the pressure in the bottle slowly down to sea level), versus ripping the cap off quickly.

    Source: Dysbarism

  • whestathree 6:28 am on September 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply  


    Bushidō (武士道⁠), meaning “Way of the Warrior”, is a name in common usage since the late 19th century which is used to describe a uniquely Japanese code of conduct adhered to by samurai since time immemorial, and loosely analogous to Western concepts of chivalry. This code is said to have emphasized virtues such as loyalty, honor, obedience, duty, filial piety, and self-sacrifice.

    Although many of the early literary works of Japan contain the image of the warrior, the term “bushidō” does not appear in early texts like the Kojiki. Warrior ideals and conduct may be illustrated, but the term did not appear in text until the Sengoku period, towards the end of the Muromachi era (1336–1573).

    From the literature of the 13th to 16th centuries, there exists an abundance of references to the ideals of Bushidō. Carl Steenstrup noted that 13th and 14th century writings (gunki) “portrayed the bushi in their natural element, war, eulogizing such virtues as reckless bravery, fierce family pride, and selfless, at times senseless devotion of master and man.”

    Bushidō expanded and formalized the earlier code of the samurai, and stressed frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could only regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).

    The Bushidō code is typified by seven virtues:

    • Rectitude (義 gi⁠)
    • Courage (勇 yū⁠)
    • Benevolence (仁 jin⁠)
    • Respect (礼 rei⁠)
    • Honesty (誠 makoto⁠)
    • Honor (名誉 meiyo⁠)
    • Loyalty (忠義 chūgi⁠)

    Source: Bushidō

  • whestathree 6:05 am on September 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply  


    Onigiri (お握り or 御握り; おにぎり⁠), also known as omusubi (お結び; おむすび⁠) or rice ball, is a Japanese food made from white rice formed into triangular or oval shapes and often wrapped in nori (seaweed). Traditionally, an onigiri is filled with pickled ume (umeboshi), salted salmon, katsuobushi, kombu, tarako, or any other salty or sour ingredient as a natural preservative. Because of the popularity of onigiri in Japan, most convenience stores there stock onigiri with various fillings and flavors. There are even specialized shops whose only products are onigiri for take out.

    Source: Onigiri

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